The American Civil War

(20) American Civil War Periods Veteran’s Organizations & Patriotic SocietiesBattle MapsMemorials

The American Civil War was an internal conflict fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states grouped together as the Confederate States of America. The Union won the war, which remains the bloodiest in U.S. history.

Among the 34 U.S. states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the U.S. and formed the Confederate States of America. War broke out in April 1861 when Confederates attacked the U.S. fortress Fort Sumter. The Confederacy grew to include eleven states; it claimed two more states and the western territory of Arizona. The Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal including border states where slavery was legal, were known as the Union or the North. The war ended with the surrender of all the Confederate armies and the collapse of the Confederate government in the spring of 1865.

American Civil War Time Period: April 12, 1861 – May 9, 1865 (by proclamation) (4 years, 3 weeks and 6 days)

American Civil War Battle Locations: Southern United States, Northeastern United States, Western United States, Atlantic Ocean.

Union Army Casualties and losses:
110,000 killed in battle
365,000 total dead

Confederate Army Casualties and losses:
94,000 killed in battle
290,000 total dead

50,000 free civilians dead
80,000+ slaves dead
Total American Civil War dead: 785,000–1,000,000+ dead

Battle of Bull Run, 1861

The American Civil War’s Patriotic Societies and Veteran’s Service Organizations

National Auxiliary to the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War
Children of the Confederacy
The Congressional Medal of Honor Society of the United States of America
Dames of the Loyal Legion of the United States
The Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War
Hood’s Texas Brigade Association
The Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
The Military Order of the Stars and Bars
National Woman’s Relief Corps, Auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic
Navy Mutual Aid Association
Society of the Army of the Tennessee
Sons of Confederate Veterans
Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War
United Daughters of the Confederacy
Armed Forces Services Corporation
Signal Corps Regimental Association
Sons & Daughters of the United States Middle Passage
U.S. Naval Institute
U.S. Naval Academy Alumni Association

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American Civil War Battlefields

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Brigadier General Richard Montgomery’s Monument St. Paul’s Chapel New York City

Samuel Francis DuPont Memorial Fountain 38°54′35″N 77°2′36″W
Nuns of the Battlefield 38°54′21″N 77°2′25″W
Stephenson Grand Army of the Republic Memorial 38°53′37″N 77°1′18″W
Peace Monument 38°53′26″N 77°0′44″W
Ulysses S. Grant Memorial 38°53′23″N 77°0′46″W
Major General James B. McPherson 38°54′7″N 77°2′3″W
Admiral David G. Farragut 38°54′7″N 77°2′20″W
Major General John A. Logan 38°54′35″N 77°1′47″W
Major General George Henry Thomas 38°54′20″N 77°1′57″W
Brevet Lt. General Winfield Scott 38°54′26″N 77°2′12″W
General Winfield Scott Hancock 38°53′37″N 77°1′20″W
General John A. Rawlins 38°53′45″N 77°2′31″W
General Philip Sheridan 38°54′44″N 77°3′2″W
Major General George B. McClellan 38°55′0″N 77°2′47″W
General William Tecumseh Sherman Monument 38°53′46″N 77°2′3″W
George Gordon Meade Memorial 38°53′32″N 77°0′59″W
Brigadier General Albert Pike 38°53′41″N 77°0′57″W
Emancipation Memorial 38°53′23″N 76°59′25″W

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